The oyster mariculture industry is open for business. This new industry on the Texas coast allows people to lease public waters to grow and harvest oysters commercially. Interested parties can now apply for permits and start the process of opening an oyster farm online through the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department’s (TPWD) website.
With natural oyster reefs along the Gulf coast struggling from hurricanes, flooding and overharvest, oyster mariculture has become the answer for many people harvesting oysters in the Gulf of Mexico. Due to the high demand from restaurants and the public, mariculture that includes off-bottom cage culture of oysters has gained popularity throughout the United States.
During the 86th Texas Legislative Session (2019), HB 1300, introduced by State Representative Todd Hunter of Corpus Christi, directed Texas Parks and Wildlife to develop an off-bottom oyster mariculture program that would utilize cages to grow oysters. Oysters grown in these floating or suspended cages typically grow faster than wild oysters because food sources are more abundant higher up in the water column and the oysters are protected from predators. In May 2020, the Parks and Wildlife Commission adopted rules establishing this program.
“While we don’t expect oyster mariculture to replace wild harvest, this program should provide an opportunity for growers to produce a high-quality product destined for the raw, half-shell market. And, in doing so, the bays will benefit from the additional water filtration that oysters provide. We look forward to working with the public to help create successful oyster mariculture operations in Texas,” said Lance Robinson, Coastal Fisheries Division Deputy Director.
An extensive FAQ section has been developed to help answer questions about this new industry and a GIS mapping tool allows users to see where proposed and permitted oyster mariculture sites will be located in Texas bays
Staff reports and Texas Parks and Wildlife